Types of treatments

 

There are many types of braces, and which ones are best depends on the type of treatment you need, your age and several other factors. Each type of braces has its advantages and disadvantages. To help you choose, here is a list of possibilities with pros and cons.

Metal braces

  • Smaller and therefore more comfortable than clear braces
  • Not so easily breakable
  • Contain Nickel-therefore metal braces need to be avoided in patients with known Nickel allergy although incidence of intraoral symptoms is extremely low (0.3% in general population), even for patients with known allergy
  • More visible

Clear braces

  • Less visible, therefore more esthetic
  • Very popular amongst adults
  • Made of a more breakable material
  • In order to make them more durable they are thicker than metal braces and therefore less comfortable for the lips and cheek

Clear aligners/Invisalign

  • Invisible, therefore the most esthetic option
  • No metal braces or wires in your mouth, therefore a lot more comfortable
  • Minimal interference with how you live your life
  • Removable
  • Facilitate better oral hygiene
  • Gentler on adult teeth with periodontal problems
  • May need to combine with a short period of wearing braces in cases where Invisalign alone cannot lead to ideal result
  • Read more about this type of treatment here and here

Accelerated Orthodontics

  • Faster tooth movement (3 to 4 times shorter active orthodontic treatment time)
  • Can be associated with any type of braces/clear aligners
  • Very popular amongst adults who don’t want to wear braces/aligners for a long time
  • Enhancement of patient profile when indicated
  • Facilitates rapid recovery of impacted teeth
  • Requires a small periodontal surgical procedure performed by a periodontist
  • Limited pain
  • Read more about this type of treatment

Surgical Orthodontics

  • In severe cases where there is big discrepancy between the upper and lower jaws, orthodontics is assisted by jaw surgery in order to fix the bite
  • Surgery is not for everyone, but when indicated and combined with proper orthodontic treatment, the esthetic results are outstanding
  • When surgery is indicated but the patient refuses surgery and chooses to have only teeth straightened orthodontically, the esthetic results can be compromised
  • Usually surgery can be performed only when a child has completed growth, and in such cases patients will have to wait to get braces only at the right time